full name
eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 subunit alpha

synonyms
EIF-2, EIF-2A, EIF-2alpha, EIF2, EIF2A, EIF2S1, ENSG00000134001

HGNC
HGNC:3265

Entrez Gene
Gene:1965

ENSEMBL
ENSG00000134001

location
chr: 14
start: 67827034
stop: 67853233
strand: +

transcripts
NM_004094.4

pathways
ABC-family proteins mediated transport [NCBI:1269904] [REACTOME:R-HSA-382556] [PUBMED:11435397] [PUBMED:12045106] [PUBMED:19234479]
Activation of the mRNA upon binding of the cap-binding complex and eIFs, and subsequent binding to 43S [NCBI:1268683] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72662] [PUBMED:9732867] [PUBMED:592399] [PUBMED:641056] [PUBMED:6853548]
Apoptosis [NCBI:83060] [KEGG:hsa04210] [NCBI:1270262] [REACTOME:R-HSA-109581] [PUBMED:12189384] [PUBMED:20533903] [PUBMED:18208375] [PUBMED:22429822] [PUBMED:15218528] [PUBMED:24769728] [PUBMED:18023214] [PUBMED:25526085] [PUBMED:23070002] [PUBMED:15654015] [PUBMED:15601572] [PUBMED:14561771] [PUBMED:24278747] [PUBMED:21914490] [PUBMED:22465226] [PUBMED:21145844] [PUBMED:12838338] [PUBMED:18238895] [PUBMED:12949498] [PUBMED:18304445] [PUBMED:14737178] [PUBMED:26231733] [PUBMED:9916983] [PUBMED:14634621] [PUBMED:19770840] [PUBMED:22075987] [PUBMED:4561027] [PUBMED:20075940] [PUBMED:9894605] [PUBMED:26615431] [PUBMED:12505355] [PUBMED:11520933] [PUBMED:19148180] [PUBMED:16397578] [PUBMED:15719025] [PUBMED:15322527] [PUBMED:15725726] [PUBMED:12209154] [PUBMED:23803157]
Autophagy - animal [NCBI:83058] [KEGG:hsa04140] [PUBMED:16200202] [PUBMED:15325588] [PUBMED:24343578] [PUBMED:15978794] [PUBMED:19802558] [PUBMED:16099218] [PUBMED:11099404] [PUBMED:19653858] [PUBMED:15325584] [PUBMED:20034776] [PUBMED:15928708] [PUBMED:21801009] [PUBMED:25948417] [PUBMED:16125113] [PUBMED:21187343]
Cap-dependent Translation Initiation [NCBI:1268680] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72737]
Eukaryotic Translation Initiation [NCBI:1268679] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72613] [PUBMED:20444697]
Formation of the ternary complex, and subsequently, the 43S complex [NCBI:1268682] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72695] [PUBMED:641056] [PUBMED:1104615] [PUBMED:592399] [PUBMED:429297]
GTP hydrolysis and joining of the 60S ribosomal subunit [NCBI:1268686] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72706] [PUBMED:11018020] [PUBMED:1095581] [PUBMED:429297] [PUBMED:641056] [PUBMED:1856230] [PUBMED:592398] [PUBMED:10659855] [PUBMED:592399]
Gene Expression [NCBI:1269649] [REACTOME:R-HSA-74160]
Hepatitis C [NCBI:173973] [KEGG:hsa05160] [PUBMED:19708811] [PUBMED:16314558] [PUBMED:17467654] [PUBMED:19515018] [PUBMED:18514579] [PUBMED:16107833] [PUBMED:19074178] [PUBMED:12691459] [PUBMED:15302943] [PUBMED:20537953] [PUBMED:11991644] [PUBMED:19148799] [PUBMED:19187070] [PUBMED:12655344]
Herpes simplex infection [NCBI:377873] [KEGG:hsa05168] [PUBMED:12224518] [PUBMED:17913820] [PUBMED:12844494] [PUBMED:10998601] [PUBMED:15163721] [PUBMED:19694546] [PUBMED:16297150] [PUBMED:14747533] [PUBMED:12826401] [PUBMED:14963113] [PUBMED:15056211] [PUBMED:12797447] [PUBMED:21107701] [PUBMED:10918307] [PUBMED:10696424] [PUBMED:16076403] [PUBMED:10364308] [PUBMED:17222692] [PUBMED:9621021] [PUBMED:12224508] [PUBMED:19879619] [PUBMED:11070032] [PUBMED:9499021] [PUBMED:18596690] [PUBMED:12525427] [PUBMED:12224517] [PUBMED:10196275] [PUBMED:15047834] [PUBMED:18508584] [PUBMED:20036979]
Influenza A [NCBI:217173] [KEGG:hsa05164] [PUBMED:17267598] [PUBMED:18049471] [PUBMED:16882036] [PUBMED:11907320] [PUBMED:17944269] [PUBMED:20629046] [PUBMED:17072332] [PUBMED:18588994] [PUBMED:19864182] [PUBMED:19290913] [PUBMED:19420020] [PUBMED:17213831] [PUBMED:9060654] [PUBMED:19481124] [PUBMED:16494716] [PUBMED:21147034] [PUBMED:18980544] [PUBMED:20020828] [PUBMED:15502848] [PUBMED:19782761]
L13a-mediated translational silencing of Ceruloplasmin expression [NCBI:1268688] [REACTOME:R-HSA-156827] [PUBMED:14567916]
Measles [NCBI:213306] [KEGG:hsa05162] [PUBMED:16237742] [PUBMED:12804771] [PUBMED:19198562] [PUBMED:20376484] [PUBMED:11385511] [PUBMED:16963735] [PUBMED:19198566] [PUBMED:18922877] [PUBMED:19203114] [PUBMED:12620806] [PUBMED:16690907] [PUBMED:17720800] [PUBMED:20636817] [PUBMED:12410527] [PUBMED:11582511] [PUBMED:19203109] [PUBMED:19203113] [PUBMED:14585342] [PUBMED:12805463]
Metabolism of proteins [NCBI:1268677] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392499]
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) [NCBI:862188] [KEGG:hsa04932] [PUBMED:21038418] [PUBMED:17498512] [PUBMED:19352614] [PUBMED:23299992] [PUBMED:22570745] [PUBMED:9285483] [PUBMED:12891546] [PUBMED:18061659] [PUBMED:22705006] [PUBMED:16364488] [PUBMED:18242193] [PUBMED:16374858] [PUBMED:22940046] [PUBMED:20619513] [PUBMED:20303879] [PUBMED:14685853] [PUBMED:16406828] [PUBMED:23545492] [PUBMED:21145844]
PERK regulates gene expression [NCBI:1268761] [REACTOME:R-HSA-381042] [PUBMED:18048764] [PUBMED:17956313] [PUBMED:18038217] [PUBMED:18436705]
Protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum [NCBI:167325] [KEGG:hsa04141] [PUBMED:20347046] [PUBMED:18023214] [PUBMED:20219571] [PUBMED:19491040] [PUBMED:20112977]
RNA transport [NCBI:177876] [KEGG:hsa03013] [PUBMED:10872469] [PUBMED:17401408] [PUBMED:20733056] [PUBMED:11018020] [PUBMED:15519698] [PUBMED:16314458] [PUBMED:15901496] [PUBMED:9548260] [PUBMED:18313922]
Recycling of eIF2:GDP [NCBI:1268687] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72731] [PUBMED:7063012]
Ribosomal scanning and start codon recognition [NCBI:1268685] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72702] [PUBMED:9732867] [PUBMED:7000367] [PUBMED:592399] [PUBMED:641056]
Translation [NCBI:1268678] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72766]
Translation initiation complex formation [NCBI:1268684] [REACTOME:R-HSA-72649] [PUBMED:6853548] [PUBMED:641056] [PUBMED:9732867] [PUBMED:592399]
Transmembrane transport of small molecules [NCBI:1269903] [REACTOME:R-HSA-382551]
Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) [NCBI:1268756] [REACTOME:R-HSA-381119] [PUBMED:18436705] [PUBMED:18038217] [PUBMED:27067637] [PUBMED:16365312] [PUBMED:18048764] [PUBMED:15952902]
Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation [NCBI:169351] [Pathway Interaction Database:myc_activpathway] [PUBMED:18987359] [PUBMED:16537449] [PUBMED:9924025] [PUBMED:17643117] [PUBMED:8356088] [PUBMED:10688915] [PUBMED:1562593] [PUBMED:19020761] [PUBMED:10823814] [PUBMED:12637527] [PUBMED:9178906] [PUBMED:17967894] [PUBMED:15723053] [PUBMED:16508012] [PUBMED:8700224] [PUBMED:12091391] [PUBMED:20173740] [PUBMED:11522645] [PUBMED:15774466] [PUBMED:12776737] [PUBMED:12011429] [PUBMED:12138190] [PUBMED:10022128] [PUBMED:11511539] [PUBMED:12177005] [PUBMED:17599065] [PUBMED:6438521] [PUBMED:19745813] [PUBMED:8196628] [PUBMED:10891489] [PUBMED:8934531] [PUBMED:15723054] [PUBMED:9192621] [PUBMED:18042711] [PUBMED:10779353] [PUBMED:1989881] [PUBMED:8861962] [PUBMED:12529648] [PUBMED:16269333] [PUBMED:16172399] [PUBMED:8494784] [PUBMED:15282543] [PUBMED:8297793] [PUBMED:12776177] [PUBMED:9811896] [PUBMED:11103792] [PUBMED:17170079] [PUBMED:18593934] [PUBMED:11673469] [PUBMED:18408012] [PUBMED:1340466] [PUBMED:17088530] [PUBMED:8327497] [PUBMED:16423995] [PUBMED:12816956] [PUBMED:11598121] [PUBMED:14724288] [PUBMED:17848523] [PUBMED:10508165] [PUBMED:12695333] [PUBMED:17822678] [PUBMED:10606642] [PUBMED:9869632] [PUBMED:9212167] [PUBMED:19211792] [PUBMED:16287840] [PUBMED:18978814] [PUBMED:11511535] [PUBMED:15944709] [PUBMED:11604407] [PUBMED:11909865]