full name
mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3

synonyms
MAPKK3, MEK3, MKK3, PRKMK3, SAPKK-2, SAPKK2, MAP2K3, ENSG00000034152

HGNC
HGNC:6843

Entrez Gene
Gene:5606

ENSEMBL
ENSG00000034152

location
chr: 17
start: 21187968
stop: 21218552
strand: +

transcripts
NM_145109.2
NM_002756.4

pathways
Activated TLR4 signalling [NCBI:1269236] [REACTOME:R-HSA-166054] [PUBMED:15276183] [PUBMED:15588429] [PUBMED:15845500] [PUBMED:15596121]
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) [NCBI:83099] [KEGG:hsa05014] [PUBMED:16026864] [PUBMED:16924260] [PUBMED:11513882] [PUBMED:17015226] [PUBMED:16723044] [PUBMED:10970056] [PUBMED:16909020] [PUBMED:12531867] [PUBMED:16713195] [PUBMED:16603792] [PUBMED:11870681] [PUBMED:16050975] [PUBMED:17409386] [PUBMED:11239414] [PUBMED:18519638] [PUBMED:14569202] [PUBMED:12728264] [PUBMED:11715057] [PUBMED:17566607] [PUBMED:17434459] [PUBMED:16909017] [PUBMED:12595144] [PUBMED:15310460] [PUBMED:14739060]
CDC42 signaling events [NCBI:137994] [Pathway Interaction Database:cdc42_pathway] [PUBMED:7629060] [PUBMED:7652575] [PUBMED:8653792] [PUBMED:18448434] [PUBMED:19822663] [PUBMED:19454477] [PUBMED:18662680] [PUBMED:15882626] [PUBMED:11948177] [PUBMED:9860974] [PUBMED:15225553] [PUBMED:8643625] [PUBMED:8107774] [PUBMED:8670801] [PUBMED:8034624] [PUBMED:10934474] [PUBMED:10734320] [PUBMED:17522712] [PUBMED:11525734] [PUBMED:15649357] [PUBMED:10473551] [PUBMED:16157700] [PUBMED:9822598] [PUBMED:15723051] [PUBMED:7600582] [PUBMED:18319301] [PUBMED:9042860] [PUBMED:10613909] [PUBMED:17580073] [PUBMED:12745076] [PUBMED:16253996] [PUBMED:10840034] [PUBMED:10360579] [PUBMED:11907268] [PUBMED:10934475] [PUBMED:10219243] [PUBMED:17038317] [PUBMED:8910292] [PUBMED:9403696] [PUBMED:11285260] [PUBMED:10995437] [PUBMED:9368021] [PUBMED:14970210] [PUBMED:9694656] [PUBMED:14505571] [PUBMED:17115031] [PUBMED:9317150] [PUBMED:14653992] [PUBMED:17081755] [PUBMED:12676083] [PUBMED:18216334] [PUBMED:19826000] [PUBMED:8702968] [PUBMED:11304531] [PUBMED:10973943] [PUBMED:11309380] [PUBMED:18586681] [PUBMED:15479449] [PUBMED:19097998] [PUBMED:16892055] [PUBMED:17244649] [PUBMED:8625410] [PUBMED:8497321] [PUBMED:15485841] [PUBMED:16407834] [PUBMED:11804587] [PUBMED:9867866] [PUBMED:10747870] [PUBMED:7600581] [PUBMED:12610628] [PUBMED:19435802] [PUBMED:15572110] [PUBMED:7592586] [PUBMED:11696321] [PUBMED:10559936]
CXCR3-mediated signaling events [NCBI:138011] [Pathway Interaction Database:cxcr3pathway] [PUBMED:15528361] [PUBMED:16210647] [PUBMED:9541591] [PUBMED:16368892] [PUBMED:9660793] [PUBMED:17289675] [PUBMED:16467404] [PUBMED:18291705] [PUBMED:18375741] [PUBMED:15150261] [PUBMED:9625760] [PUBMED:18174362] [PUBMED:11554781] [PUBMED:12750173] [PUBMED:12782716] [PUBMED:11136732] [PUBMED:11739530] [PUBMED:18292502]
Cellular Senescence [NCBI:1270426] [REACTOME:R-HSA-2559583] [PUBMED:21078816] [PUBMED:18711403] [PUBMED:22048312] [PUBMED:19818705] [PUBMED:17662938] [PUBMED:23746838] [PUBMED:9282108] [PUBMED:17667954] [PUBMED:13905658]
Cellular responses to stress [NCBI:1270414] [REACTOME:R-HSA-2262752] [PUBMED:15709958]
Cellular roles of Anthrax toxin [NCBI:138076] [Pathway Interaction Database:anthraxpathway] [PUBMED:12202685] [PUBMED:15031715] [PUBMED:3123387] [PUBMED:11700562] [PUBMED:12700348] [PUBMED:8051159] [PUBMED:15772169] [PUBMED:12867985] [PUBMED:14688124] [PUBMED:15659071] [PUBMED:16473908] [PUBMED:10080100] [PUBMED:9703991] [PUBMED:12724519] [PUBMED:10580119] [PUBMED:11790132] [PUBMED:12468536] [PUBMED:16401723] [PUBMED:15010463] [PUBMED:12724328] [PUBMED:10338520] [PUBMED:9563949] [PUBMED:16429160] [PUBMED:6285339] [PUBMED:3917427] [PUBMED:12488448] [PUBMED:1438214] [PUBMED:9234799] [PUBMED:16254597] [PUBMED:15814721] [PUBMED:16141341] [PUBMED:1644824] [PUBMED:16242117] [PUBMED:16293226]
Disease [NCBI:1268854] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1643685]
Epstein-Barr virus infection [NCBI:585562] [KEGG:hsa05169] [PUBMED:1658397] [PUBMED:10683340] [PUBMED:19375142] [PUBMED:12438576] [PUBMED:12910248] [PUBMED:10400785] [PUBMED:16007144] [PUBMED:14576817] [PUBMED:18559925] [PUBMED:16352731] [PUBMED:7895172] [PUBMED:15510157] [PUBMED:21518914] [PUBMED:10891508] [PUBMED:14673102] [PUBMED:17159145] [PUBMED:15542638] [PUBMED:18786993] [PUBMED:16603506] [PUBMED:10644367] [PUBMED:15021898] [PUBMED:10666279] [PUBMED:9565632]
Fc epsilon RI signaling pathway [NCBI:83082] [KEGG:hsa04664] [PUBMED:16470226] [PUBMED:12145654] [PUBMED:11079101] [PUBMED:10586892] [PUBMED:14630197] [PUBMED:12360215] [PUBMED:11449275]
GnRH signaling pathway [NCBI:83091] [KEGG:hsa04912] [PUBMED:15080147] [PUBMED:15982836] [PUBMED:14596811] [PUBMED:15613448] [PUBMED:12943720] [PUBMED:10707049] [PUBMED:15350605] [PUBMED:12963732]
IL12-mediated signaling events [NCBI:137922] [Pathway Interaction Database:il12_2pathway] [PUBMED:12874225] [PUBMED:12221108] [PUBMED:16380506] [PUBMED:9768751] [PUBMED:17114419] [PUBMED:10358173] [PUBMED:9890938] [PUBMED:12213961] [PUBMED:11120802] [PUBMED:9202126] [PUBMED:16641133] [PUBMED:10198225] [PUBMED:16763563] [PUBMED:15728489] [PUBMED:8103068] [PUBMED:10903740] [PUBMED:10201984] [PUBMED:7638186] [PUBMED:11894097] [PUBMED:16220539] [PUBMED:10961885] [PUBMED:7594594] [PUBMED:17110450] [PUBMED:9582275] [PUBMED:10320373] [PUBMED:7528775] [PUBMED:11207258] [PUBMED:9038232] [PUBMED:15522880] [PUBMED:11175814] [PUBMED:9531298] [PUBMED:7722452] [PUBMED:8943050] [PUBMED:7553885] [PUBMED:9454765]
Immune System [NCBI:1269170] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168256]
Infectious disease [NCBI:1269056] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5663205]
Inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels [NCBI:948277] [KEGG:hsa04750] [PUBMED:21841075] [PUBMED:15820689] [PUBMED:16776582] [PUBMED:12838328] [PUBMED:17548207] [PUBMED:16319926] [PUBMED:18427980] [PUBMED:20932256] [PUBMED:18615141] [PUBMED:17124270] [PUBMED:17684094] [PUBMED:22470230] [PUBMED:19074743] [PUBMED:23000387] [PUBMED:24099085] [PUBMED:17321113]
Influenza A [NCBI:217173] [KEGG:hsa05164] [PUBMED:17267598] [PUBMED:18049471] [PUBMED:16882036] [PUBMED:11907320] [PUBMED:17944269] [PUBMED:20629046] [PUBMED:17072332] [PUBMED:18588994] [PUBMED:19864182] [PUBMED:19290913] [PUBMED:19420020] [PUBMED:17213831] [PUBMED:9060654] [PUBMED:19481124] [PUBMED:16494716] [PUBMED:21147034] [PUBMED:18980544] [PUBMED:20020828] [PUBMED:15502848] [PUBMED:19782761]
Innate Immune System [NCBI:1269203] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168249]
MAP kinase activation in TLR cascade [NCBI:1269211] [REACTOME:R-HSA-450294] [PUBMED:17637696] [PUBMED:11861597] [PUBMED:19196711] [PUBMED:11242034]
MAPK signaling pathway [NCBI:83048] [KEGG:hsa04010] [PUBMED:11749383] [PUBMED:12566928] [PUBMED:12849693] [PUBMED:12676795] [PUBMED:12947395] [PUBMED:14597384] [PUBMED:11369511] [PUBMED:12191611] [PUBMED:12390245]
MyD88 cascade initiated on plasma membrane [NCBI:1269207] [REACTOME:R-HSA-975871] [PUBMED:15728506] [PUBMED:16239509]
MyD88 dependent cascade initiated on endosome [NCBI:1269228] [REACTOME:R-HSA-975155] [PUBMED:20237413] [PUBMED:15276183] [PUBMED:18652679]
MyD88-independent TLR3/TLR4 cascade [NCBI:1269220] [REACTOME:R-HSA-166166] [PUBMED:15276183]
MyD88:Mal cascade initiated on plasma membrane [NCBI:1269237] [REACTOME:R-HSA-166058] [PUBMED:15276183]
Oxidative Stress Induced Senescence [NCBI:1270428] [REACTOME:R-HSA-2559580] [PUBMED:17344414] [PUBMED:17332741] [PUBMED:8622688] [PUBMED:7588633] [PUBMED:15563468] [PUBMED:15287722] [PUBMED:11062067] [PUBMED:16337592] [PUBMED:14532106] [PUBMED:17254968] [PUBMED:15866172] [PUBMED:9628874] [PUBMED:12171911] [PUBMED:7816143] [PUBMED:22020331] [PUBMED:11564866] [PUBMED:9162092] [PUBMED:8974401] [PUBMED:19451217] [PUBMED:12808055] [PUBMED:17210787] [PUBMED:8846784] [PUBMED:19462008] [PUBMED:12134156] [PUBMED:8626550] [PUBMED:8774846] [PUBMED:12189133] [PUBMED:9195981] [PUBMED:8622669] [PUBMED:8259215] [PUBMED:19528227] [PUBMED:9564042] [PUBMED:9529249] [PUBMED:16436515] [PUBMED:19451218] [PUBMED:17395714] [PUBMED:9030721] [PUBMED:12435631] [PUBMED:22325352]
RAC1 signaling pathway [NCBI:169355] [Pathway Interaction Database:rac1_pathway] [PUBMED:19158278] [PUBMED:16702231] [PUBMED:16440308] [PUBMED:14765121] [PUBMED:12453877] [PUBMED:12657629] [PUBMED:9799233] [PUBMED:9694656] [PUBMED:9317150] [PUBMED:14970210] [PUBMED:8305740] [PUBMED:8805275] [PUBMED:17178910] [PUBMED:11060298] [PUBMED:11304531] [PUBMED:11804587] [PUBMED:11470914] [PUBMED:11309380] [PUBMED:17244649] [PUBMED:11021801] [PUBMED:7592586] [PUBMED:15681696] [PUBMED:7744004] [PUBMED:15225553] [PUBMED:10559936] [PUBMED:19917258] [PUBMED:7600581] [PUBMED:19363480] [PUBMED:18423204] [PUBMED:20097736] [PUBMED:19852956] [PUBMED:12181570] [PUBMED:19822663] [PUBMED:7652575] [PUBMED:7629060] [PUBMED:8107774] [PUBMED:16636067] [PUBMED:9042860] [PUBMED:12213441] [PUBMED:10679324] [PUBMED:12682053] [PUBMED:18198193] [PUBMED:16542153] [PUBMED:7600582] [PUBMED:18948007] [PUBMED:18319301] [PUBMED:10559253] [PUBMED:17115053] [PUBMED:10473551] [PUBMED:17682062] [PUBMED:17164293] [PUBMED:15557278] [PUBMED:15677464] [PUBMED:16837009] [PUBMED:12796474] [PUBMED:10559863] [PUBMED:9535855] [PUBMED:8910292] [PUBMED:11432831] [PUBMED:17981134] [PUBMED:16762923] [PUBMED:8798539] [PUBMED:18160398] [PUBMED:16099876] [PUBMED:14681219]
Rap1 signaling pathway [NCBI:868086] [KEGG:hsa04015] [PUBMED:17624944] [PUBMED:12351703] [PUBMED:10579920] [PUBMED:19159611] [PUBMED:18363565] [PUBMED:12765839] [PUBMED:12508104] [PUBMED:11331911] [PUBMED:17182900] [PUBMED:15803158] [PUBMED:19615876] [PUBMED:21402149] [PUBMED:17624948] [PUBMED:17383543] [PUBMED:14607972] [PUBMED:15780587] [PUBMED:19710505]
Regulation of p38-alpha and p38-beta [NCBI:137964] [Pathway Interaction Database:p38alphabetapathway] [PUBMED:16461893] [PUBMED:7997261] [PUBMED:16943189] [PUBMED:14585994] [PUBMED:10391943] [PUBMED:14661019] [PUBMED:11359773] [PUBMED:7914033] [PUBMED:8910287] [PUBMED:7744004] [PUBMED:10190877] [PUBMED:7592586] [PUBMED:16849316] [PUBMED:7693711] [PUBMED:11847341] [PUBMED:7839144] [PUBMED:9790884] [PUBMED:7499279] [PUBMED:14592977] [PUBMED:12110590] [PUBMED:14634666] [PUBMED:8107774] [PUBMED:8622669] [PUBMED:8798750] [PUBMED:11278799] [PUBMED:15864310] [PUBMED:16407200]
RhoA signaling pathway [NCBI:169356] [Pathway Interaction Database:rhoa_pathway] [PUBMED:8641286] [PUBMED:16705166] [PUBMED:9510209] [PUBMED:18267089] [PUBMED:15866170] [PUBMED:18303050] [PUBMED:17588931] [PUBMED:18941185] [PUBMED:16164598] [PUBMED:11238375] [PUBMED:18559669] [PUBMED:18025109] [PUBMED:16427251] [PUBMED:11122380] [PUBMED:8632828] [PUBMED:15866889] [PUBMED:9707430] [PUBMED:9456324] [PUBMED:8662509] [PUBMED:12429848] [PUBMED:9294169] [PUBMED:9042860] [PUBMED:9582304] [PUBMED:15170389] [PUBMED:10744700] [PUBMED:10893221] [PUBMED:14681219] [PUBMED:9121475] [PUBMED:8858161] [PUBMED:18309323] [PUBMED:9710582] [PUBMED:9265657] [PUBMED:19625450] [PUBMED:15068801] [PUBMED:11278519] [PUBMED:12732141] [PUBMED:9529607] [PUBMED:12600823] [PUBMED:9697773] [PUBMED:10085083] [PUBMED:12802051] [PUBMED:11018042] [PUBMED:7600583] [PUBMED:9693382] [PUBMED:12899698] [PUBMED:8702756] [PUBMED:10556088] [PUBMED:10037681] [PUBMED:1643657] [PUBMED:12034774] [PUBMED:9670022] [PUBMED:12574166] [PUBMED:12584113] [PUBMED:11877391] [PUBMED:9920882] [PUBMED:8995216] [PUBMED:7929302] [PUBMED:10428028] [PUBMED:15793569] [PUBMED:14595335] [PUBMED:10436006] [PUBMED:9482732] [PUBMED:11342553] [PUBMED:9351440]
Signaling events mediated by VEGFR1 and VEGFR2 [NCBI:137940] [Pathway Interaction Database:vegfr1_2_pathway] [PUBMED:9398617] [PUBMED:9405464] [PUBMED:11494124] [PUBMED:12963813] [PUBMED:11756651] [PUBMED:10744763] [PUBMED:15060076] [PUBMED:9600074] [PUBMED:10376603] [PUBMED:11425855] [PUBMED:16337972] [PUBMED:12154000] [PUBMED:11978735] [PUBMED:10692392] [PUBMED:16763158] [PUBMED:10361126] [PUBMED:10748121] [PUBMED:12598525] [PUBMED:15026417] [PUBMED:11948691] [PUBMED:16966330] [PUBMED:16835467] [PUBMED:10409677] [PUBMED:10908731] [PUBMED:8903320] [PUBMED:15962004] [PUBMED:16633338] [PUBMED:11387210] [PUBMED:16839566] [PUBMED:11312102] [PUBMED:10207622] [PUBMED:16787925] [PUBMED:12171920] [PUBMED:12509223] [PUBMED:16760434] [PUBMED:14724572] [PUBMED:11704645] [PUBMED:12821150] [PUBMED:12881528] [PUBMED:9790910] [PUBMED:10376602] [PUBMED:15247219] [PUBMED:11333271] [PUBMED:12214271] [PUBMED:9804796] [PUBMED:11986311] [PUBMED:9182576] [PUBMED:15217908] [PUBMED:10749680] [PUBMED:16763549]
Signaling mediated by p38-gamma and p38-delta [NCBI:138043] [Pathway Interaction Database:p38gammadeltapathway] [PUBMED:14697338] [PUBMED:10212242] [PUBMED:9199504] [PUBMED:11500363] [PUBMED:9790884] [PUBMED:9202310] [PUBMED:12761180] [PUBMED:10848581] [PUBMED:11042189] [PUBMED:10438538] [PUBMED:9731215]
TNF receptor signaling pathway [NCBI:138053] [Pathway Interaction Database:tnfpathway] [PUBMED:17024246] [PUBMED:7923351] [PUBMED:9774977] [PUBMED:15258597] [PUBMED:11429546] [PUBMED:10848577] [PUBMED:12917689] [PUBMED:11031259] [PUBMED:8974401] [PUBMED:7758105] [PUBMED:10510344] [PUBMED:15793306] [PUBMED:12391233] [PUBMED:18450452] [PUBMED:15218148] [PUBMED:8692885] [PUBMED:10026132] [PUBMED:9275185] [PUBMED:11684013] [PUBMED:8521496] [PUBMED:12917690] [PUBMED:10795740] [PUBMED:16603398] [PUBMED:9405407] [PUBMED:2158863] [PUBMED:16260783] [PUBMED:8808629] [PUBMED:9034190] [PUBMED:16543241] [PUBMED:12077366] [PUBMED:9384583] [PUBMED:8612133] [PUBMED:9712898] [PUBMED:1313189] [PUBMED:8069916] [PUBMED:11907583] [PUBMED:9639556] [PUBMED:12917691] [PUBMED:9115275] [PUBMED:8681376] [PUBMED:10356400] [PUBMED:10801798] [PUBMED:10097111] [PUBMED:8565075] [PUBMED:10187805] [PUBMED:15357952] [PUBMED:9915703] [PUBMED:9564042] [PUBMED:8943045]
TNF signaling pathway [NCBI:812256] [KEGG:hsa04668] [PUBMED:20489699] [PUBMED:14532286] [PUBMED:21232019] [PUBMED:11897488] [PUBMED:22296764] [PUBMED:10581243] [PUBMED:23085193] [PUBMED:23531747]
TRAF6 mediated induction of NFkB and MAP kinases upon TLR7/8 or 9 activation [NCBI:1269229] [REACTOME:R-HSA-975138] [PUBMED:22511786] [PUBMED:18794297]
TRIF-mediated TLR3/TLR4 signaling [NCBI:1269221] [REACTOME:R-HSA-937061] [PUBMED:15814722] [PUBMED:12855817] [PUBMED:14739303]
Toll Like Receptor 10 (TLR10) Cascade [NCBI:1269206] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168142] [PUBMED:15728506] [PUBMED:18332149]
Toll Like Receptor 2 (TLR2) Cascade [NCBI:1269238] [REACTOME:R-HSA-181438] [PUBMED:10820283]
Toll Like Receptor 3 (TLR3) Cascade [NCBI:1269219] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168164] [PUBMED:19627256] [PUBMED:15733829] [PUBMED:18202435]
Toll Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) Cascade [NCBI:1269234] [REACTOME:R-HSA-166016]
Toll Like Receptor 5 (TLR5) Cascade [NCBI:1269226] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168176] [PUBMED:11489966] [PUBMED:11323673]
Toll Like Receptor 7/8 (TLR7/8) Cascade [NCBI:1269227] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168181] [PUBMED:14976262]
Toll Like Receptor 9 (TLR9) Cascade [NCBI:1269233] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168138] [PUBMED:14751759]
Toll Like Receptor TLR1:TLR2 Cascade [NCBI:1269239] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168179] [PUBMED:12975352]
Toll Like Receptor TLR6:TLR2 Cascade [NCBI:1269240] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168188] [PUBMED:14977973]
Toll-Like Receptors Cascades [NCBI:1269204] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168898] [PUBMED:15950447] [PUBMED:12893815] [PUBMED:15976490] [PUBMED:15585605] [PUBMED:14751757]
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway [NCBI:83076] [KEGG:hsa04620] [PUBMED:16924467] [PUBMED:17395581] [PUBMED:17637696] [PUBMED:12734364] [PUBMED:17507094] [PUBMED:14698224] [PUBMED:11101877] [PUBMED:16497588] [PUBMED:14751764] [PUBMED:17275323] [PUBMED:17457343] [PUBMED:16932750]
Toxoplasmosis [NCBI:169642] [KEGG:hsa05145] [PUBMED:18617274] [PUBMED:19400868] [PUBMED:17024357] [PUBMED:19744886] [PUBMED:19891610] [PUBMED:17110955] [PUBMED:12106793] [PUBMED:12580944] [PUBMED:12857995] [PUBMED:10234174] [PUBMED:18327664] [PUBMED:10525166] [PUBMED:18059289] [PUBMED:18775432] [PUBMED:14642303] [PUBMED:15361242] [PUBMED:16339966] [PUBMED:14987366] [PUBMED:15639739]
Trk receptor signaling mediated by the MAPK pathway [NCBI:138044] [Pathway Interaction Database:mapktrkpathway] [PUBMED:15632082] [PUBMED:11050086] [PUBMED:9687510] [PUBMED:17003042] [PUBMED:7889942] [PUBMED:11150318] [PUBMED:11331872] [PUBMED:8387505] [PUBMED:1386920] [PUBMED:8394352] [PUBMED:11278445] [PUBMED:15917464] [PUBMED:9560161] [PUBMED:11073940] [PUBMED:12826611] [PUBMED:16157584] [PUBMED:15024033] [PUBMED:9528766] [PUBMED:12011113] [PUBMED:10330161] [PUBMED:11544482] [PUBMED:12367506] [PUBMED:12917366]
Uptake and actions of bacterial toxins [NCBI:1269144] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5339562] [PUBMED:20358680]
Uptake and function of anthrax toxins [NCBI:1269154] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5210891] [PUBMED:17335404] [PUBMED:9563949] [PUBMED:11104681] [PUBMED:6285339] [PUBMED:15353562] [PUBMED:17313374]
activated TAK1 mediates p38 MAPK activation [NCBI:1269213] [REACTOME:R-HSA-450302] [PUBMED:10878576] [PUBMED:8533096] [PUBMED:15837794]
p38 MAPK signaling pathway [NCBI:137943] [Pathway Interaction Database:p38_mkk3_6pathway] [PUBMED:9564042] [PUBMED:12052864] [PUBMED:8663074] [PUBMED:17242196] [PUBMED:10688666] [PUBMED:9774977] [PUBMED:8974401] [PUBMED:9827804] [PUBMED:16129676] [PUBMED:14592977] [PUBMED:17143273] [PUBMED:14634666] [PUBMED:15836773] [PUBMED:14749717] [PUBMED:9305639] [PUBMED:8638164] [PUBMED:10848581] [PUBMED:15864310] [PUBMED:9639556] [PUBMED:17396146] [PUBMED:11460167] [PUBMED:17210579] [PUBMED:9786855]