full name
G protein subunit gamma 4

synonyms
GNG4, ENSG00000168243

HGNC
HGNC:4407

Entrez Gene
Gene:2786

ENSEMBL
ENSG00000168243

location
chr: 1
start: 235710985
stop: 235814054
strand: -

transcripts
NM_004485.3
NM_001098721.1
NM_001098722.1

pathways
ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 1 [NCBI:1269354] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418592] [PUBMED:9442040]
ADP signalling through P2Y purinoceptor 12 [NCBI:1269353] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392170] [PUBMED:11196645]
Activation of G protein gated Potassium channels [NCBI:1268826] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1296041] [PUBMED:20655490]
Activation of GABAB receptors [NCBI:1268816] [REACTOME:R-HSA-991365] [PUBMED:20655481]
Activation of Kainate Receptors upon glutamate binding [NCBI:1268808] [REACTOME:R-HSA-451326] [PUBMED:18793656]
Adrenaline,noradrenaline inhibits insulin secretion [NCBI:1270103] [REACTOME:R-HSA-400042] [PUBMED:12684222] [PUBMED:7641683] [PUBMED:8997178] [PUBMED:18162464] [PUBMED:10449730] [PUBMED:17900700] [PUBMED:14514350]
Alcoholism [NCBI:585563] [KEGG:hsa05034] [PUBMED:16764827] [PUBMED:18616668] [PUBMED:19077056] [PUBMED:18991950] [PUBMED:19756388] [PUBMED:12068305] [PUBMED:16102840] [PUBMED:20947635] [PUBMED:20729980] [PUBMED:16278489] [PUBMED:17270154] [PUBMED:20626732] [PUBMED:18310464] [PUBMED:10774721] [PUBMED:19342616] [PUBMED:12605085] [PUBMED:15500908] [PUBMED:14729391] [PUBMED:12085089] [PUBMED:16776597]
Apelin signaling pathway [NCBI:1492886] [KEGG:hsa04371] [PUBMED:23973488] [PUBMED:16182514] [PUBMED:21725702] [PUBMED:22842084] [PUBMED:27825851] [PUBMED:27650065] [PUBMED:22140623] [PUBMED:23943882] [PUBMED:26944568] [PUBMED:24055369] [PUBMED:26385179] [PUBMED:26143239] [PUBMED:22028387] [PUBMED:26254105] [PUBMED:26756969] [PUBMED:22995518] [PUBMED:27979574] [PUBMED:23924696] [PUBMED:21464822] [PUBMED:25914650] [PUBMED:24990699] [PUBMED:26607438] [PUBMED:25164121] [PUBMED:25275559] [PUBMED:25139773] [PUBMED:25931124] [PUBMED:19093215] [PUBMED:20539939] [PUBMED:25652330] [PUBMED:18272138] [PUBMED:23603510]
Aquaporin-mediated transport [NCBI:1269944] [REACTOME:R-HSA-445717] [PUBMED:11773613] [PUBMED:15901243] [PUBMED:20224213] [PUBMED:15340377] [PUBMED:16650285] [PUBMED:19448080] [PUBMED:17222168] [PUBMED:16107722] [PUBMED:15809071] [PUBMED:19096770] [PUBMED:15924268] [PUBMED:17961083]
Beta-catenin independent WNT signaling [NCBI:1269610] [REACTOME:R-HSA-3858494] [PUBMED:22935904] [PUBMED:21903638] [PUBMED:23256519] [PUBMED:8065359] [PUBMED:7739543] [PUBMED:23140633]
Ca2+ pathway [NCBI:1269615] [REACTOME:R-HSA-4086398] [PUBMED:21903638] [PUBMED:21181886] [PUBMED:16099039]
Chaperonin-mediated protein folding [NCBI:1268694] [REACTOME:R-HSA-390466] [PUBMED:11868281] [PUBMED:15519848]
Chemokine signaling pathway [NCBI:99051] [KEGG:hsa04062] [PUBMED:17371236] [PUBMED:19159344] [PUBMED:17169327] [PUBMED:10852130] [PUBMED:9765254] [PUBMED:15771581] [PUBMED:14607270] [PUBMED:18662984] [PUBMED:12495636] [PUBMED:15803148] [PUBMED:15046611] [PUBMED:12069927] [PUBMED:18711432] [PUBMED:17675482] [PUBMED:16144840] [PUBMED:17496928] [PUBMED:17537990] [PUBMED:11872087] [PUBMED:12051620] [PUBMED:14625285] [PUBMED:8576262] [PUBMED:11244042]
Cholinergic synapse [NCBI:217716] [KEGG:hsa04725] [PUBMED:20060019] [PUBMED:11283752] [PUBMED:15165747] [PUBMED:12893537] [PUBMED:11738031] [PUBMED:21550798] [PUBMED:19712465] [PUBMED:12690458] [PUBMED:12436417] [PUBMED:19378880] [PUBMED:11923408] [PUBMED:20446119]
Circadian entrainment [NCBI:698773] [KEGG:hsa04713] [PUBMED:15016477] [PUBMED:12700026] [PUBMED:20605968] [PUBMED:15813931] [PUBMED:15930378] [PUBMED:12573527] [PUBMED:17586087] [PUBMED:20664079] [PUBMED:17646042] [PUBMED:17167088] [PUBMED:16217123] [PUBMED:11294753] [PUBMED:19109992] [PUBMED:10446325] [PUBMED:10208575] [PUBMED:11086993] [PUBMED:19449447]
Class B/2 (Secretin family receptors) [NCBI:1269570] [REACTOME:R-HSA-373080] [PUBMED:11790261]
Cooperation of PDCL (PhLP1) and TRiC/CCT in G-protein beta folding [NCBI:1383060] [REACTOME:R-HSA-6814122] [PUBMED:16702223] [PUBMED:26613416] [PUBMED:19376773] [PUBMED:15889144] [PUBMED:25675501] [PUBMED:25659125] [PUBMED:17363375] [PUBMED:23637185] [PUBMED:16717095]
Dopaminergic synapse [NCBI:469199] [KEGG:hsa04728] [PUBMED:20727368] [PUBMED:10433257] [PUBMED:17408758] [PUBMED:15292232] [PUBMED:9457173] [PUBMED:17349698] [PUBMED:15521361] [PUBMED:18353279] [PUBMED:21303898] [PUBMED:19251795] [PUBMED:15381316] [PUBMED:15590733] [PUBMED:20224735] [PUBMED:19138563] [PUBMED:12967774]
G alpha (12/13) signalling events [NCBI:1269579] [REACTOME:R-HSA-416482] [PUBMED:18814923] [PUBMED:19212140]
G alpha (i) signalling events [NCBI:1269576] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418594] [PUBMED:3113327] [PUBMED:9278091]
G alpha (q) signalling events [NCBI:1269578] [REACTOME:R-HSA-416476] [PUBMED:19212139]
G alpha (s) signalling events [NCBI:1269575] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418555] [PUBMED:12036966]
G alpha (z) signalling events [NCBI:1269577] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418597] [PUBMED:1908722] [PUBMED:11313909]
G beta:gamma signalling through PI3Kgamma [NCBI:1269581] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392451] [PUBMED:17916723] [PUBMED:17041586]
G beta:gamma signalling through PLC beta [NCBI:1269582] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418217] [PUBMED:8383116]
G protein gated Potassium channels [NCBI:1268825] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1296059] [PUBMED:20921230]
G-protein activation [NCBI:1269585] [REACTOME:R-HSA-202040] [PUBMED:12184727] [PUBMED:15294442] [PUBMED:9218123]
G-protein beta:gamma signalling [NCBI:1269580] [REACTOME:R-HSA-397795] [PUBMED:18834311]
GABA B receptor activation [NCBI:1268815] [REACTOME:R-HSA-977444] [PUBMED:20655485]
GABA receptor activation [NCBI:1268813] [REACTOME:R-HSA-977443] [PUBMED:17364682] [PUBMED:20655481] [PUBMED:11283747] [PUBMED:20655485] [PUBMED:15269338]
GABAergic synapse [NCBI:377263] [KEGG:hsa04727] [PUBMED:21555068] [PUBMED:20655485] [PUBMED:16932937] [PUBMED:17499108] [PUBMED:12086709] [PUBMED:20655481] [PUBMED:21376567] [PUBMED:19374920] [PUBMED:17499109] [PUBMED:10780899] [PUBMED:16787421] [PUBMED:15210304] [PUBMED:18382465] [PUBMED:12888801] [PUBMED:9364667]
GPCR downstream signaling [NCBI:1269574] [REACTOME:R-HSA-388396] [PUBMED:12040175]
GPCR ligand binding [NCBI:1269544] [REACTOME:R-HSA-500792] [PUBMED:15251227]
Gastrin-CREB signalling pathway via PKC and MAPK [NCBI:1269592] [REACTOME:R-HSA-881907] [PUBMED:10413847] [PUBMED:7491953] [PUBMED:17698287]
Glucagon signaling in metabolic regulation [NCBI:1270108] [REACTOME:R-HSA-163359] [PUBMED:12626323]
Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP1) regulates insulin secretion [NCBI:1270107] [REACTOME:R-HSA-381676] [PUBMED:8830891] [PUBMED:15569269] [PUBMED:17306374] [PUBMED:9914469] [PUBMED:17900700] [PUBMED:11078440] [PUBMED:12475787] [PUBMED:11815463]
Glucagon-type ligand receptors [NCBI:1269572] [REACTOME:R-HSA-420092] [PUBMED:12615957]
Glutamatergic synapse [NCBI:213818] [KEGG:hsa04724] [PUBMED:10481192] [PUBMED:11561058] [PUBMED:18425072] [PUBMED:17706608] [PUBMED:20055706] [PUBMED:19112153] [PUBMED:17663464] [PUBMED:19110202] [PUBMED:19559598] [PUBMED:9665875] [PUBMED:11672421] [PUBMED:18464791] [PUBMED:12399578] [PUBMED:14684436]
Hemostasis [NCBI:1269340] [REACTOME:R-HSA-109582]
Inhibition of voltage gated Ca2+ channels via Gbeta/gamma subunits [NCBI:1268819] [REACTOME:R-HSA-997272] [PUBMED:20655481] [PUBMED:20655490]
Integration of energy metabolism [NCBI:1270101] [REACTOME:R-HSA-163685] [PUBMED:15509864] [PUBMED:12721358] [PUBMED:12626323]
Inwardly rectifying K+ channels [NCBI:1268824] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1296065] [PUBMED:20086079] [PUBMED:18087715] [PUBMED:18691387]
Metabolism [NCBI:1269956] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1430728]
Metabolism of proteins [NCBI:1268677] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392499]
Morphine addiction [NCBI:552665] [KEGG:hsa05032] [PUBMED:8785060] [PUBMED:16581089] [PUBMED:21872647] [PUBMED:14625081] [PUBMED:20962224] [PUBMED:15661627] [PUBMED:1346804] [PUBMED:12859419] [PUBMED:8096779] [PUBMED:18349442] [PUBMED:21930931] [PUBMED:10066284] [PUBMED:14969742] [PUBMED:8987801] [PUBMED:12217944] [PUBMED:11750924] [PUBMED:11152760]
Neuronal System [NCBI:1268763] [REACTOME:R-HSA-112316]
Neurotransmitter Receptor Binding And Downstream Transmission In The Postsynaptic Cell [NCBI:1268786] [REACTOME:R-HSA-112314]
Opioid Signalling [NCBI:1269584] [REACTOME:R-HSA-111885] [PUBMED:9422713] [PUBMED:9218123] [PUBMED:16612131]
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway [NCBI:692234] [KEGG:hsa04151] [PUBMED:12048182] [PUBMED:11357143] [PUBMED:21440011] [PUBMED:15209374] [PUBMED:12669022] [PUBMED:18842113] [PUBMED:16847462] [PUBMED:12660731] [PUBMED:17360849] [PUBMED:9838078] [PUBMED:15505410] [PUBMED:16248975] [PUBMED:12531180] [PUBMED:21779440] [PUBMED:16187290] [PUBMED:15784165] [PUBMED:21620960]
Pathways in cancer [NCBI:83105] [KEGG:hsa05200] [PUBMED:12244301] [PUBMED:15156182] [PUBMED:16899407] [PUBMED:12621137] [PUBMED:21193867] [PUBMED:16001072] [PUBMED:11707511] [PUBMED:11253051] [PUBMED:11071626] [PUBMED:17251915] [PUBMED:11736900] [PUBMED:16557281] [PUBMED:16699851] [PUBMED:16189702] [PUBMED:11902573] [PUBMED:16555243] [PUBMED:8069858] [PUBMED:15310786] [PUBMED:9834202] [PUBMED:16700615] [PUBMED:12545153] [PUBMED:15656799] [PUBMED:12154354] [PUBMED:11895903] [PUBMED:11527574] [PUBMED:16326109] [PUBMED:16339096] [PUBMED:11160144] [PUBMED:15724144] [PUBMED:12951584] [PUBMED:10647931] [PUBMED:16881963] [PUBMED:15557758] [PUBMED:11477132] [PUBMED:15721476] [PUBMED:15625120] [PUBMED:16236521] [PUBMED:14967450] [PUBMED:15942304] [PUBMED:17287871] [PUBMED:14634372] [PUBMED:15573119] [PUBMED:15009714] [PUBMED:16112428] [PUBMED:15611513] [PUBMED:16001050] [PUBMED:15349822] [PUBMED:16551846] [PUBMED:15978322] [PUBMED:15774796] [PUBMED:16352814] [PUBMED:12951588] [PUBMED:10944551] [PUBMED:10740269] [PUBMED:15639402] [PUBMED:12407699] [PUBMED:11130178] [PUBMED:15109562] [PUBMED:11170304] [PUBMED:11276000] [PUBMED:9643506] [PUBMED:16248975] [PUBMED:16242838] [PUBMED:12946833] [PUBMED:11559746] [PUBMED:9196022] [PUBMED:12079267] [PUBMED:15468170] [PUBMED:16064138] [PUBMED:14580692] [PUBMED:15082523] [PUBMED:15551095] [PUBMED:17062879] [PUBMED:17211469] [PUBMED:11720739] [PUBMED:12588368] [PUBMED:11057895] [PUBMED:9422516] [PUBMED:12894244] [PUBMED:15479695] [PUBMED:16189154] [PUBMED:12878745] [PUBMED:11900250] [PUBMED:11103787] [PUBMED:15122209] [PUBMED:12711111] [PUBMED:12243753] [PUBMED:16306523] [PUBMED:16702400] [PUBMED:15270885] [PUBMED:14685170] [PUBMED:14586404] [PUBMED:11078609] [PUBMED:15284264] [PUBMED:10505543] [PUBMED:11223406] [PUBMED:14982876] [PUBMED:12648469] [PUBMED:12867060] [PUBMED:15711891] [PUBMED:12094241] [PUBMED:16642045] [PUBMED:11463388] [PUBMED:12762887] [PUBMED:15746962] [PUBMED:15823750] [PUBMED:16750612] [PUBMED:16484590] [PUBMED:11459867] [PUBMED:16146838] [PUBMED:14556242] [PUBMED:15947972] [PUBMED:12563308] [PUBMED:16946003] [PUBMED:15948971] [PUBMED:11407945] [PUBMED:12737309] [PUBMED:16095998] [PUBMED:12351585] [PUBMED:24508914] [PUBMED:12084351] [PUBMED:11807782] [PUBMED:14695152] [PUBMED:10453277] [PUBMED:17554387] [PUBMED:15841168] [PUBMED:12616528] [PUBMED:10403855] [PUBMED:16054233] [PUBMED:16474624] [PUBMED:16822996] [PUBMED:17028294] [PUBMED:11224709] [PUBMED:11750244] [PUBMED:11905738] [PUBMED:15719031] [PUBMED:10843728] [PUBMED:16110317] [PUBMED:11721960] [PUBMED:12741677] [PUBMED:7585656] [PUBMED:12801837] [PUBMED:16551847] [PUBMED:12459728] [PUBMED:11431710] [PUBMED:12468433] [PUBMED:11165748] [PUBMED:16042571] [PUBMED:16508724] [PUBMED:15000146] [PUBMED:17149381] [PUBMED:15948711] [PUBMED:14747944] [PUBMED:14737121] [PUBMED:12379883] [PUBMED:17158541] [PUBMED:12850530] [PUBMED:10835690] [PUBMED:16870043]
Platelet activation, signaling and aggregation [NCBI:1269350] [REACTOME:R-HSA-76002] [PUBMED:16543958] [PUBMED:8704248] [PUBMED:2018971] [PUBMED:1672265] [PUBMED:17059469] [PUBMED:12681240] [PUBMED:12411949] [PUBMED:11511514]
Platelet homeostasis [NCBI:1269341] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418346] [PUBMED:10798271]
Potassium Channels [NCBI:1268821] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1296071] [PUBMED:20813163] [PUBMED:19584315] [PUBMED:1822292] [PUBMED:18446619] [PUBMED:18413784] [PUBMED:20213494] [PUBMED:20086079]
Presynaptic function of Kainate receptors [NCBI:1268812] [REACTOME:R-HSA-500657] [PUBMED:20007474]
Prostacyclin signalling through prostacyclin receptor [NCBI:1269342] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392851] [PUBMED:17164137]
Protein folding [NCBI:1268693] [REACTOME:R-HSA-391251] [PUBMED:15459659] [PUBMED:18395510] [PUBMED:15519848]
Ras signaling pathway [NCBI:868085] [KEGG:hsa04014] [PUBMED:23506953] [PUBMED:18437264] [PUBMED:15062121] [PUBMED:22189424] [PUBMED:22233291] [PUBMED:12778136] [PUBMED:11313946] [PUBMED:17428555] [PUBMED:19091743] [PUBMED:18568040] [PUBMED:20420946] [PUBMED:12217381] [PUBMED:14663478] [PUBMED:21686117] [PUBMED:12642680] [PUBMED:21196257] [PUBMED:16869784] [PUBMED:21111786] [PUBMED:16966426] [PUBMED:10712923] [PUBMED:22020205] [PUBMED:17384584] [PUBMED:15572660] [PUBMED:18413813]
Regulation of insulin secretion [NCBI:1270102] [REACTOME:R-HSA-422356] [PUBMED:18200017] [PUBMED:11078440] [PUBMED:16321791] [PUBMED:11815463] [PUBMED:16556766]
Retrograde endocannabinoid signaling [NCBI:537443] [KEGG:hsa04723] [PUBMED:16085309] [PUBMED:18515270] [PUBMED:15340387] [PUBMED:17636069] [PUBMED:17553427] [PUBMED:17404373] [PUBMED:19640475] [PUBMED:21117095] [PUBMED:18084639] [PUBMED:21187849] [PUBMED:18801434] [PUBMED:14978245] [PUBMED:21531987] [PUBMED:19553483] [PUBMED:19126760] [PUBMED:17419048] [PUBMED:18948642] [PUBMED:16968947]
Serotonergic synapse [NCBI:525336] [KEGG:hsa04726] [PUBMED:9658404] [PUBMED:15034221] [PUBMED:11043573] [PUBMED:9651340] [PUBMED:9542727] [PUBMED:18676031] [PUBMED:12543273] [PUBMED:15710402] [PUBMED:16826372] [PUBMED:19545642] [PUBMED:11916537] [PUBMED:11701344] [PUBMED:12676358] [PUBMED:20561690] [PUBMED:16896947]
Signal Transduction [NCBI:1269379] [REACTOME:R-HSA-162582] [PUBMED:17604717] [PUBMED:19648010] [PUBMED:16260143] [PUBMED:11742412] [PUBMED:19536106] [PUBMED:15863030] [PUBMED:19379690] [PUBMED:19458711] [PUBMED:19935667] [PUBMED:21252999] [PUBMED:15520807] [PUBMED:17496910] [PUBMED:15450248] [PUBMED:18043707] [PUBMED:16939974] [PUBMED:19762341] [PUBMED:18483217] [PUBMED:17084981] [PUBMED:21781017] [PUBMED:19619488]
Signal amplification [NCBI:1269352] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392518] [PUBMED:18077812]
Signaling by GPCR [NCBI:1269543] [REACTOME:R-HSA-372790] [PUBMED:16902930] [PUBMED:10202136] [PUBMED:18043707]
Signaling by Wnt [NCBI:1269594] [REACTOME:R-HSA-195721] [PUBMED:19530173] [PUBMED:23256519] [PUBMED:22952392] [PUBMED:19204114] [PUBMED:19365405] [PUBMED:19619488] [PUBMED:17143292] [PUBMED:17230199] [PUBMED:18710302] [PUBMED:16099039] [PUBMED:20576942] [PUBMED:10858654] [PUBMED:12967557]
Thrombin signalling through proteinase activated receptors (PARs) [NCBI:1269356] [REACTOME:R-HSA-456926] [PUBMED:11001069]
Thromboxane signalling through TP receptor [NCBI:1269355] [REACTOME:R-HSA-428930] [PUBMED:18374420]
Transmembrane transport of small molecules [NCBI:1269903] [REACTOME:R-HSA-382551]
Transmission across Chemical Synapses [NCBI:1268766] [REACTOME:R-HSA-112315]
Vasopressin regulates renal water homeostasis via Aquaporins [NCBI:1269946] [REACTOME:R-HSA-432040] [PUBMED:18566824] [PUBMED:15924268] [PUBMED:17222168] [PUBMED:11773613] [PUBMED:19096775]