full name
proopiomelanocortin

synonyms
ACTH, CLIP, LPH, MSH, NPP, POC, POMC, ENSG00000115138

HGNC
HGNC:9201

Entrez Gene
Gene:5443

ENSEMBL
ENSG00000115138

location
chr: 2
start: 25383722
stop: 25391559
strand: -

OMIM
OMIM:176830: POMC (Autosomal recessive inheritance)
OMIM:609734: Obesity, adrenal insufficiency, and red hair due to POMC deficiency
OMIM:601665: {Obesity, early-onset, susceptibility to}

transcripts
NM_000939.2
NM_001035256.1

pathways
Adipocytokine signaling pathway [NCBI:83093] [KEGG:hsa04920] [PUBMED:12829246] [PUBMED:10905472] [PUBMED:15980064] [PUBMED:12754525] [PUBMED:12368907] [PUBMED:11557972] [PUBMED:15856064] [PUBMED:9671776] [PUBMED:10766253] [PUBMED:15733744] [PUBMED:15058305] [PUBMED:14716305] [PUBMED:11479627] [PUBMED:14679176]
Androgen biosynthesis [NCBI:1270050] [REACTOME:R-HSA-193048] [PUBMED:12428201]
Biological oxidations [NCBI:1270189] [REACTOME:R-HSA-211859]
Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors) [NCBI:1269545] [REACTOME:R-HSA-373076] [PUBMED:16902930]
Cytochrome P450 - arranged by substrate type [NCBI:1270191] [REACTOME:R-HSA-211897] [PUBMED:16584116] [PUBMED:15102545] [PUBMED:12369887]
Cytokine Signaling in Immune system [NCBI:1269310] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1280215] [PUBMED:12613569]
Defective ACTH causes Obesity and Pro-opiomelanocortinin deficiency (POMCD) [NCBI:1269004] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5579031] [PUBMED:9620771] [PUBMED:12851321] [PUBMED:12165561] [PUBMED:23252752]
Disease [NCBI:1268854] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1643685]
Diseases of metabolism [NCBI:1268939] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5668914]
Endogenous sterols [NCBI:1270192] [REACTOME:R-HSA-211976] [PUBMED:16872679] [PUBMED:15102545] [PUBMED:16584116]
G alpha (i) signalling events [NCBI:1269576] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418594] [PUBMED:3113327] [PUBMED:9278091]
G alpha (s) signalling events [NCBI:1269575] [REACTOME:R-HSA-418555] [PUBMED:12036966]
G-protein activation [NCBI:1269585] [REACTOME:R-HSA-202040] [PUBMED:12184727] [PUBMED:15294442] [PUBMED:9218123]
GPCR downstream signaling [NCBI:1269574] [REACTOME:R-HSA-388396] [PUBMED:12040175]
GPCR ligand binding [NCBI:1269544] [REACTOME:R-HSA-500792] [PUBMED:15251227]
Glucocorticoid biosynthesis [NCBI:1270048] [REACTOME:R-HSA-194002] [PUBMED:15583024]
Glucocorticoid receptor regulatory network [NCBI:138014] [Pathway Interaction Database:reg_gr_pathway] [PUBMED:8943293] [PUBMED:1708774] [PUBMED:15826950] [PUBMED:11027313] [PUBMED:12118039] [PUBMED:9388207] [PUBMED:11751894] [PUBMED:12151000] [PUBMED:9765258] [PUBMED:9407028] [PUBMED:19074285] [PUBMED:2838908] [PUBMED:15817653] [PUBMED:9722596] [PUBMED:12917342] [PUBMED:1387550] [PUBMED:10974006] [PUBMED:15790729] [PUBMED:10825196] [PUBMED:10623828] [PUBMED:2169352] [PUBMED:9315653] [PUBMED:7759501] [PUBMED:8290595] [PUBMED:2905764] [PUBMED:12351702] [PUBMED:11080152] [PUBMED:8428574] [PUBMED:9215863] [PUBMED:15459252] [PUBMED:10400612] [PUBMED:9426156] [PUBMED:17440046] [PUBMED:18838540] [PUBMED:2169353] [PUBMED:10820245] [PUBMED:12511605] [PUBMED:2586521] [PUBMED:1740658] [PUBMED:11555652] [PUBMED:11562347] [PUBMED:9482836] [PUBMED:18337589] [PUBMED:10958685] [PUBMED:9388192] [PUBMED:15834420] [PUBMED:15657031] [PUBMED:8878484] [PUBMED:10760263] [PUBMED:12730237] [PUBMED:8702844] [PUBMED:2169351] [PUBMED:17215482] [PUBMED:8898375]
Immune System [NCBI:1269170] [REACTOME:R-HSA-168256]
Interleukin-4 and 13 signaling [NCBI:1470923] [REACTOME:R-HSA-6785807] [PUBMED:12704343] [PUBMED:10358772]
Melanogenesis [NCBI:83092] [KEGG:hsa04916] [PUBMED:11041354] [PUBMED:10347209] [PUBMED:15016298] [PUBMED:11023702] [PUBMED:11602344] [PUBMED:12753399] [PUBMED:10841026] [PUBMED:16822996] [PUBMED:15383650] [PUBMED:9263329] [PUBMED:16246839] [PUBMED:10643996] [PUBMED:12894244]
Metabolic disorders of biological oxidation enzymes [NCBI:1268977] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5579029] [PUBMED:23333322] [PUBMED:14697877] [PUBMED:24307925] [PUBMED:21308989] [PUBMED:23297354] [PUBMED:24151358] [PUBMED:24734162] [PUBMED:23632021] [PUBMED:24145751] [PUBMED:23252752]
Metabolism [NCBI:1269956] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1430728]
Metabolism of lipids and lipoproteins [NCBI:1270001] [REACTOME:R-HSA-556833]
Metabolism of proteins [NCBI:1268677] [REACTOME:R-HSA-392499]
Metabolism of steroid hormones [NCBI:1270046] [REACTOME:R-HSA-196071] [PUBMED:15583024]
Opioid Signalling [NCBI:1269584] [REACTOME:R-HSA-111885] [PUBMED:9422713] [PUBMED:9218123] [PUBMED:16612131]
Peptide hormone biosynthesis [NCBI:1268753] [REACTOME:R-HSA-209952] [PUBMED:4368999]
Peptide hormone metabolism [NCBI:1268746] [REACTOME:R-HSA-2980736] [PUBMED:2663045] [PUBMED:21805235]
Peptide ligand-binding receptors [NCBI:1269546] [REACTOME:R-HSA-375276] [PUBMED:14576899] [PUBMED:10977869] [PUBMED:16918325] [PUBMED:16847439] [PUBMED:17293890] [PUBMED:15734727] [PUBMED:12895595] [PUBMED:17604107] [PUBMED:14507421] [PUBMED:12432945] [PUBMED:16612131]
Phase 1 - Functionalization of compounds [NCBI:1270190] [REACTOME:R-HSA-211945] [PUBMED:12369887] [PUBMED:17125408] [PUBMED:16584116]
Signal Transduction [NCBI:1269379] [REACTOME:R-HSA-162582] [PUBMED:17604717] [PUBMED:19648010] [PUBMED:16260143] [PUBMED:11742412] [PUBMED:19536106] [PUBMED:15863030] [PUBMED:19379690] [PUBMED:19458711] [PUBMED:19935667] [PUBMED:21252999] [PUBMED:15520807] [PUBMED:17496910] [PUBMED:15450248] [PUBMED:18043707] [PUBMED:16939974] [PUBMED:19762341] [PUBMED:18483217] [PUBMED:17084981] [PUBMED:21781017] [PUBMED:19619488]
Signaling by GPCR [NCBI:1269543] [REACTOME:R-HSA-372790] [PUBMED:16902930] [PUBMED:10202136] [PUBMED:18043707]
Signaling by Interleukins [NCBI:1269318] [REACTOME:R-HSA-449147] [PUBMED:19302047] [PUBMED:12445398]
Syndecan-3-mediated signaling events [NCBI:137952] [Pathway Interaction Database:syndecan_3_pathway] [PUBMED:14504279] [PUBMED:16289473] [PUBMED:12851299] [PUBMED:9133440] [PUBMED:9952400] [PUBMED:12929127] [PUBMED:10460248] [PUBMED:8528141] [PUBMED:9553134] [PUBMED:15198637] [PUBMED:8175719] [PUBMED:16908672] [PUBMED:11461706] [PUBMED:8344959] [PUBMED:16052590] [PUBMED:9660869]