full name
glutaminase

synonyms
AAD20, GAC, GAM, GLS1, KGA, GLS, ENSG00000115419

HGNC
HGNC:4331

Entrez Gene
Gene:2744

ENSEMBL
ENSG00000115419

location
chr: 2
start: 191745547
stop: 191830278
strand: +

OMIM
OMIM:138280: GLS
OMIM:618339: ?Infantile cataract, skin abnormalities, glutamate excess, and impaired intellectual development
OMIM:618328: Epileptic encephalopathy, early infantile, 71
OMIM:618412: Global developmental delay, progressive ataxia, and elevated glutamine

transcripts
NM_014905.4
NM_001256310.1

pathways
Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism [NCBI:101142] [KEGG:hsa00250] [PUBMED:9687539]
Amino acid synthesis and interconversion (transamination) [NCBI:1270159] [REACTOME:R-HSA-70614]
Arginine biosynthesis [NCBI:82943] [KEGG:hsa00220]
Central carbon metabolism in cancer [NCBI:1059538] [KEGG:hsa05230] [PUBMED:16982728] [PUBMED:21127244] [PUBMED:22349059] [PUBMED:19270154] [PUBMED:24113830] [PUBMED:22156302] [PUBMED:21801601] [PUBMED:15916903] [PUBMED:18177721] [PUBMED:22237205] [PUBMED:20520704] [PUBMED:23018234] [PUBMED:23897900] [PUBMED:24398961] [PUBMED:24079832] [PUBMED:18538731] [PUBMED:19460998] [PUBMED:22307140] [PUBMED:18766298] [PUBMED:22101401] [PUBMED:23071355] [PUBMED:21508971] [PUBMED:24738035] [PUBMED:22750268] [PUBMED:21258394] [PUBMED:23279446] [PUBMED:21340684]
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism [NCBI:82971] [KEGG:hsa00471]
GABAergic synapse [NCBI:377263] [KEGG:hsa04727] [PUBMED:21555068] [PUBMED:20655485] [PUBMED:16932937] [PUBMED:17499108] [PUBMED:12086709] [PUBMED:20655481] [PUBMED:21376567] [PUBMED:19374920] [PUBMED:17499109] [PUBMED:10780899] [PUBMED:16787421] [PUBMED:15210304] [PUBMED:18382465] [PUBMED:12888801] [PUBMED:9364667]
Gene Expression [NCBI:1269649] [REACTOME:R-HSA-74160]
Generic Transcription Pathway [NCBI:1269650] [REACTOME:R-HSA-212436] [PUBMED:15175151] [PUBMED:14744435] [PUBMED:15680972] [PUBMED:11395415] [PUBMED:15896744] [PUBMED:10235266] [PUBMED:14986688] [PUBMED:12023297] [PUBMED:15680973] [PUBMED:16751179] [PUBMED:11861166] [PUBMED:16429119] [PUBMED:16719718] [PUBMED:16921404] [PUBMED:15690163]
Glutamate Neurotransmitter Release Cycle [NCBI:1268771] [REACTOME:R-HSA-210500] [PUBMED:8825650] [PUBMED:11001057] [PUBMED:16990140] [PUBMED:10440375] [PUBMED:16704978] [PUBMED:17478680] [PUBMED:9701566]
Glutamatergic synapse [NCBI:213818] [KEGG:hsa04724] [PUBMED:10481192] [PUBMED:11561058] [PUBMED:18425072] [PUBMED:17706608] [PUBMED:20055706] [PUBMED:19112153] [PUBMED:17663464] [PUBMED:19110202] [PUBMED:19559598] [PUBMED:9665875] [PUBMED:11672421] [PUBMED:18464791] [PUBMED:12399578] [PUBMED:14684436]
Metabolic pathways [NCBI:132956] [KEGG:hsa01100]
Metabolism [NCBI:1269956] [REACTOME:R-HSA-1430728]
Metabolism of amino acids and derivatives [NCBI:1270158] [REACTOME:R-HSA-71291]
MicroRNAs in cancer [NCBI:852705] [KEGG:hsa05206] [PUBMED:23075324] [PUBMED:21742789] [PUBMED:22351564] [PUBMED:18817506] [PUBMED:22345301] [PUBMED:21402473] [PUBMED:22926415] [PUBMED:23165235] [PUBMED:19630570] [PUBMED:21565290] [PUBMED:23091478] [PUBMED:23462054] [PUBMED:23316212] [PUBMED:19773200] [PUBMED:22035854] [PUBMED:20221895] [PUBMED:20345848] [PUBMED:22580099] [PUBMED:20128019]
Neuronal System [NCBI:1268763] [REACTOME:R-HSA-112316]
Neurotransmitter Release Cycle [NCBI:1268768] [REACTOME:R-HSA-112310] [PUBMED:15217342] [PUBMED:16819626] [PUBMED:17880890] [PUBMED:16865347]
Proximal tubule bicarbonate reclamation [NCBI:144182] [KEGG:hsa04964] [PUBMED:11826292] [PUBMED:11385088] [PUBMED:19721811] [PUBMED:12138151] [PUBMED:16914536] [PUBMED:17557941] [PUBMED:18056784] [PUBMED:9550618] [PUBMED:11045400] [PUBMED:19948674] [PUBMED:11533299] [PUBMED:16352913]
TP53 Regulates Metabolic Genes [NCBI:1269655] [REACTOME:R-HSA-5628897] [PUBMED:19822145] [PUBMED:12453409] [PUBMED:18344994] [PUBMED:11545734] [PUBMED:16839880] [PUBMED:20399660] [PUBMED:15105503] [PUBMED:13298683] [PUBMED:15665293] [PUBMED:18198340] [PUBMED:18692468] [PUBMED:12203114] [PUBMED:17409411] [PUBMED:11959846] [PUBMED:16728594] [PUBMED:17486094] [PUBMED:23484829] [PUBMED:22682249] [PUBMED:19696408] [PUBMED:9926927] [PUBMED:22864287] [PUBMED:20378837] [PUBMED:18391940] [PUBMED:24366874] [PUBMED:19439913] [PUBMED:15059920] [PUBMED:10716435] [PUBMED:17540029]
Transcriptional Regulation by TP53 [NCBI:1269654] [REACTOME:R-HSA-3700989] [PUBMED:26122615] [PUBMED:19410540]
Transmission across Chemical Synapses [NCBI:1268766] [REACTOME:R-HSA-112315]
glutamine degradation/glutamate biosynthesis [NCBI:547502] [BIOCYC:HUMAN_GLUTAMINDEG-PWY] [PUBMED:11130979] [PUBMED:6132422] [PUBMED:22049910]