description
Later studies pin-pointed that a single serine (Ser-15) was phosphorylated by ATM and phosphorylation of Ser-15 was rapidly-induced in IR-treated cells and this response was ATM-dependent (Canman et al, 1998; Banin et al, 1998 and Khanna et al, 1998). ATM also regulates the phosphorylation of p53 at other sites, especially Ser-20, by activating other serine/threonine kinases in response to IR (Chehab et al, 2000; Shieh et al, 2000; Hirao et al 2000). Phosphorylation of p53 at Ser-20 interferes with p53-MDM2 interaction. MDM2 is transcriptionally activated by p53 and is a negative regulator of p53 that targets it for degradation (Haupt et al, 1997; Kubbutat et al, 1997). In addition modification of MDM2 by ATM also affects p53 stabilization (Maya et al, 2001)

external resources
NCBI:1269746
REACTOME:R-HSA-69541
PUBMED:11331603
PUBMED:10673500
PUBMED:10673501
PUBMED:10710310

genes
ATM , MDM2 , MDM4 , PSMA1 , PSMA2 , PSMA3 , PSMA4 , PSMA5 , PSMA6 , PSMA7 , PSMB1 , PSMB2 , PSMB3 , PSMB4 , PSMB5 , PSMB6 , PSMB7 , PSMB8 , PSMB9 , PSMB10 , PSMC1 , PSMC2 , PSMC3 , PSMC4 , PSMC5 , PSMC6 , PSMD1 , PSMD2 , PSMD3 , PSMD4 , PSMD5 , PSMD7 , PSMD8 , PSMD9 , PSMD10 , PSMD11 , PSMD12 , PSMD13 , PSME1 , PSME2 , RPS27A , TP53 , UBA52 , UBB , UBC , SEM1 , PSMF1 , PSMD6 , PSME3 , PSMD14 , CHEK2 , PSME4 , COP1 , PSMB11 , PSMA8 , C7orf76 , LOC100506136 ,