description
Two groups of sulfotransferease (SULT) enzymes catalyze the transfer of a sulfate group from 3-phosphoadenosine 5-phosphosulfate (PAPS) to a hydroxyl group on an acceptor molecule, yielding a sulfonated acceptor and 3-phosphoadenosine 5-phosphate (PAP). One is localized to the Golgi apparatus and mediates the sulfonation of proteoglycans. The second, annotated here, is cytosolic and mediates the sulfonation of a diverse array of small molecules, increasing their solubilities in water and modifying their physiological functions. There are probably thirteen or more human cytosolic SULT enzymes; eleven of these have been purified and characterized enzymatically, and are annotated here (Blanchard et al. 2004; Gamage et al. 2005). These enzymes appear to be active as dimers. Their substrate specificities are typically broad, and not related in an obvious way to their structures; indeed, apparently orthologous human and rodent SULT enzymes can have different substrate specificities (Glatt 2000), and none has been exhaustively characterized. The substrates listed in the table and annotated here are a sample of the known ones, chosen to indicate the range of activity of these enzymes and to capture some of their known physiologically important targets. Absence of a small molecule - enzyme pair from the table, however, may only mean that it has not yet been studied

external resources
NCBI:1270210
REACTOME:R-HSA-156584
PUBMED:10503886
PUBMED:9034160
PUBMED:12372849

genes
SLC26A2 , SULT1E1 , SULT1A2 , SULT1A1 , SULT1A3 , SULT1C2 , SULT2B1 , SULT2A1 , PAPSS2 , PAPSS1 , BPNT1 , SLC26A1 , SULT4A1 , SULT1C4 , SULT1B1 , SLC35B3 , ABHD14B , SLC35B2 , MIR4647 ,